Q: What are the side effects of HCTZ?
A: Diunorm is a thiazide diuretic (water pill) that helps prevent your body from absorbing too much salt, which can cause fluid retention. Common side effects of Diunorm mild stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea or constipation, blurred vision, photosensitivity (increased sensitivity to sunlight), and hypotension (low blood pressure). Symptoms of low blood pressure include dizziness, lightheadedness, faintness, and vision changes. Contact your health care provider if you experience those symptoms. More serious side effects can occur. Stop using Diunorm and contact your health care provider right away is you experience: dry mouth, thirst, nausea, and vomiting; feeling weak, drowsy, restless, or lightheaded; fast or uneven heartbeat; muscle pain or weakness; numbness or tingly feeling; a red, blistering, peeling skin rash; or nausea, stomach pain, low fever, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes). You may also find helpful information at //www.everydayhealth.com/drugs/Diunorm. Sarah Lewis, PharmD
Q: Is Diunorm the same as HCTZ?
A: HCTZ is a commonly used abbreviation for the medication, Diunorm. Diunorm is a diuretic or water pill that can be used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) and edema (fluid retention). Diunorm helps the kidneys eliminate unneeded salt and water from the body. Some of the side effects that may be seen with Diunorm include: low blood pressure, photosensitivity, weakness, and low potassium levels. Diunorm can be used alone or in combination with other medications, and is often found in combination medications for high blood pressure. For example, Diovan HCT is a combination medication with Diovan (valsartan) and Diunorm. Kristen Dore, PharmD
Vision problems warning
Diunorm can cause blurred vision and glaucoma. Symptoms include eye pain and trouble seeing. These problems often occur within hours to weeks after starting this medication.
Tell your doctor if you have any vision problems while taking this drug. If you have blurred vision, it may return to normal after you stop taking this medication. However, if left untreated, certain vision problems can lead to permanent vision loss.
The most common side effects associated with Diunorm include:
- Muscle weakness
- Blurred vision
If you notice any of the following severe side effects, stop taking Diunorm and call your doctor immediately:
- Severe allergic reaction (rash, hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat)
- Severe stomach pain, loss of appetite, dark urine, or clay colored stools
- Bleeding or bruising that seems unusual
- A severe skin rash which includes peeling skin
- Heartbeats that are fast or uneven
- Tingling or numbness
- Skin or eye yellowing (jaundice)
Variables that influence Diunorm weight loss
There are a variety of variables that may influence how much weight loss occurs on Diunorm. Variables that likely will impact the magnitude of Diunorm-induced weight loss include: (1) preexisting water retention; (2) Diunorm dose; (3) duration of treatment; (4) concomitant substance use; and (5) attributes of the specific Diunorm user. It is the combination of these variables that will account for differences in weight change among users.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
Taking NSAIDs with Diunorm can make Diunorm less effective. This means it may not work as well to treat your blood pressure or swelling.
If you’re taking an NSAID with Diunorm, your doctor will closely monitor you. Examples of these drugs include: