Zoxil and birth-control measures
Zoxil may reduce the effectiveness of birth control measures, such as patches, rings, or the birth control pill.
A secondary prevention method such as condoms may be needed during the treatment course.
Anyone who is using these methods of birth control should discuss their options with their physician or health care provider.
Although Zoxil can treat certain infections effectively, repeated use can reduce its effectiveness.
A 20-year study published in the BMJ in 2014 found that 1 in 10 of all antibiotic prescriptions failed to treat the infection. The number of antibiotic failures has been rising.
This would appear to indicate a growing tendency toward antibiotic resistance, where overuse of antibiotics is reducing their effectiveness.
For this reason, doctors need to be sure that the patient's condition is caused by a bacteria, and to know if a patient has previously used Zoxil.
Alcohol does not affect the antibiotic activity of Zoxil, but patients should avoid drinking alcohol while an active infection is present. This can support the body in effectively eradicating infection.
The use of alcohol may also mask side effects that can occur with Zoxil, increasing the potential for complications.
Health care providers should also know if the patient has any of the following conditions:
- allergy to penicillin or cephalosporin antibiotics
- hay fever
- kidney disease
Being clear and concise with doctors and health care providers will ensure the safe and effective use of Zoxil.
Other information about Zoxil
- Zoxil is available in generic form and is available by prescription only.
- Brand names available in the US for Zoxil are Amoxil, Moxatag, and Larotid.
Unusual bleeding or bruising
Bleeding under the skin can occur from broken blood vessels that form tiny pinpoint red dots (called petechiae). Blood can also collect under the tissue in larger flat areas (called purpura), or in a very large bruised area (called an ecchymosis).
Zoxil can increase the risk of bleeding. If you’re experiencing either unusual bleeding or bruising, see a doctor immediately. Internal bleeding may be occurring, which could lead to bleeding in the digestive system, or, in rare cases, the brain.
To prevent this, make sure your doctor knows if you’re on anticoagulants or blood thinners before you start taking Zoxil.
If you experience this side effect of Zoxil, it’s considered a rare but serious side effect. Seek medical attention as soon as possible.
Yellowing of the eyes or skin
Jaundice is a yellow color in the skin, the mucous membranes, or the eyes. The yellow pigment is from bilirubin, a byproduct of old red blood cells. If you’ve ever had a bruise, you may have noticed that the skin went through a series of color changes as it healed. When you saw yellow in the bruise, you were seeing bilirubin.
This effect, and liver damage or injury, can also be caused by Zoxil. The liver injury can even occur after Zoxil doses have stopped. This is more likely to happen when taking Zoxil with clavulanate.
Recognizing early symptoms such as fatigue, poor appetite, and vomiting can help prevent jaundice from worsening. Talk to your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.
Before taking Zoxil, tell your doctor if you have or have ever had liver damage.
What happens if I overdose my pet on Zoxil?
Seek emergency veterinary medical treatment if an overdose is suspected. Symptoms of overdose may include muscle spasms or weakness, pain or twitching, seizures, confusion, coma, or agitation.
See to it you constantly take Zoxil as suggested, observing the amount extremely carefully. It's particularly important to take the whole quantity of this medication suggested, as quiting before it's time may result in a relapse of infection. Your blood, along with your renal or liver function need to be checked before you could securely take Zoxil. Make sure you see your medical service provider routinely to see if every little thing is going equally as planned.
What should I discuss with my veterinarian before giving Zoxil to my pet?
Tell your veterinarian if your pet has ever had an allergic reaction to another penicillin or to a cephalosporin. Tell your veterinarian if your pet has kidney disease or stomach or intestinal disease.
Zoxil (Amoxil, Moxatag, Larotid) is an antibiotic that belongs to a class of antibiotics called penicillins. Common infections that Zoxil is used to treat include middle ear infections, tonsillitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, skin, gonorrhea, and urinary tract infections.
Common side effects of Zoxil include nausea, itching, vomiting, confusion, abdominal pain, and easy bruising.
Drug interactions, dosing, storage, and pregnancy and breastfeeding safety should be reviewed prior to taking penicillins.
Dispermox, Trimox, Wymox, Utimox, and Polymox are discontinued brands and are no longer available in the US.
Probenecid decreases the renal tubular secretion of Zoxil. Concurrent use of Zoxil and probenecid may result in increased and prolonged blood levels of Zoxil.
Before taking Zoxil,
- tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to Zoxil; penicillin antibiotics; cephalosporin antibiotics such as cefaclor, cefadroxil, cefazolin (Ancef, Kefzol), cefepime (Maxipime), cefixime (Suprax), cefotaxime (Claforan), cefotetan, cefoxitin (Mefoxin), cefpodoxime, cefprozil, ceftaroline (Teflaro), ceftazidime (Fortaz, Tazicef, in Avycaz), ceftibuten, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime (Ceftin, Zinacef), and cephalexin (Keflex); any other medications; or any of the ingredients in Zoxil capsules, tablets, or suspension. Ask your pharmacist for a list of the ingredients.
- tell your doctor and pharmacist what other prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Be sure to mention any of the following: allopurinol (Lopurin, Zyloprim), other antibiotics, anticoagulants ('blood thinners') such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven), oral contraceptives, and probenecid (Probalan, in Col-Probenecid). Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or monitor you carefully for side effects.
- tell your doctor if you have mononucleosis (a virus; also called 'mono') and if you have or have ever had kidney disease, allergies, asthma, hay fever, or hives.
- tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding. If you become pregnant while taking Zoxil, call your doctor.
- if you have phenylketonuria (PKU, an inherited condition in which a special diet must be followed to prevent mental retardation), you should know that some Zoxil chewable tablets are sweetened with aspartame that forms phenylalanine.
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What is Zoxil?
Zoxil is a broad-spectrum penicillin antibiotic used to treat various infections caused by susceptible strains of bacteria. Zoxil is sold per capsule or per tablet and requires a prescription from your veterinarian.
NOTE: Zoxil is also available in a suspension as Zoxil Drops.