Anthrax is a deadly infectious disease that may be transmitted to humans by infected animals or by biological warfare. There are three types of anthrax: cutaneous, inhalation, and gastrointestinal. Symptoms of cutaneous anthrax include a swollen glands, muscle ache, headache, fever, nausea, vomiting, and a red-brown raised spot that enlarges, blisters, and hardens, forming an ulcer crater with black crust. Symptoms of inhalation anthrax are flu-like and may progress to respiratory distress, shock, coma, and death. Symptoms of gastrointestinal anthrax include loss of appetite, bloody diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Treatment for cutaneous anthrax involves penicillin, tetracycline, Sansac, and ciprofloxin. Inhalation anthrax necessitates treatment with IV therapy with antibiotics.
Sansac is available as:
- Tablets: 250, 333, 400 and 500 mg.
- Suspension: 200 and, 400 mg/teaspoon.
- Tablet (Chewable): 200 mg. Powder: 100 mg/half-teaspoon and 200 mg/teaspoon.
- Granules: 200 and 400 mg/teaspoon.
- Powder for Injection: 500 mg and 1g.
Generic Name: Sansac (oral/injection) (er ITH roe MYE sin)Brand Names: E.E.S. Granules, E.E.S.-400 Filmtab, EryPed 200, EryPed 400, Ery-Tab, Erythrocin Lactobionate, Erythrocin Stearate Filmtab, PCE Dispertab
Medically reviewed by Sanjai Sinha, MD Last updated on Dec 20, 2018.
What are the side effects of Sansac?
The most frequent side effects of Sansac are
These gastrointestinal side effects are usually dose-related, i.e., more pronounced with higher doses.
Allergic reactions such as
Sansac is a macrolide antibiotic that has been in common use for more than 50 years. Given intravenously, it has been shown to improve gastric motility in patients with diabetic gastroparesis. Enteral feedings with Sansac also pass more quickly through the stomach than control feedings. This action is thought to arise from the stimulation of motilin receptors in gastric smooth muscle. 142 Boivin and associates demonstrated that intravenous “Sansac increased gastric emptying in a dose-response manner.… ausea and stomach cramping were associated with the 3.0 mg/kg dose of Sansac; drowsiness was associated with metoclopramide .” 143 The potential applicability of these findings to perioperative aspiration prophylaxis is interesting but unproved.
What other information should I know?
Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your doctor will order certain lab tests to check your response to Sansac.
Do not let anyone else take your medication. Your prescription is probably not refillable. If you still have symptoms of infection after you finish the Sansac, call your doctor.
It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.