- Late Lyme arthritis
- CAP (oral Kefstar)
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Kefstar (Ceftin, Zinacef) is an antibiotic used to treat infections of the middle ear, sinuses, skin, tonsils, and throat, and to treat laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, COPD, and early Lyme disease. Review side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and pregnancy safety information prior to taking this medication.
Where can I get more information (Ceftin)?
Your pharmacist can provide more information about Kefstar.
Dosage In Patients With Impaired Renal Function
A dosage interval adjustment is required for patients whose creatinine clearance is less than 30 mL/min, as listed in Table 4 below, because Kefstar is eliminated primarily by the kidney .
Table 4: Dosing in Adults with Renal Impairment Creatinine Clearance (mL/min) Recommended Dosage ≥30 No dosage adjustment 10 to
How to take Kefstar
- Before you start taking Kefstar, read the manufacturer's printed information leaflet from ins >
How to store Kefstar
- Keep all medicines out of the reach and sight of children.
- Store in a cool, dry place, away from direct heat and light.
- If you have been given liqu >
Never take more than the prescribed dose. If you suspect that you or someone else might have taken an overdose of this medicine, go to the accident and emergency department of your local hospital. Take the container with you, even if it is empty.
This medicine is for you. Never give it to other people even if their condition appears to be the same as yours.
If you buy any medicines, check with a pharmacist that they are safe to take with your other medicines.
If you are having an operation or any dental treatment, tell the person carrying out the treatment which medicines you are taking.
Do not keep out-of-date or unwanted medicines. Take them to your local pharmacy which will dispose of them for you.
If you have any questions about this medicine ask your pharmacist.
Pregnancy Category B. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, CEFTIN should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.
Reproduction studies have been performed in mice at doses up to 3,200 mg/kg/day (14 times the recommended maximum human dose based on body surface area) and in rats at doses up to 1,000 mg/kg/day (9 times the recommended maximum human dose based on body surface area) and have revealed no evidence of impaired fertility or harm to the fetus due to Kefstar axetil.
Please tell your doctor if you have kidney disease, a gastrointestinal (digestive) disease such as colitis, or have an inherited protein metabolism disorder called phenylketonuria. You may not be able to take Kefstar, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment if you have either of the conditions listed above.
Do not take Kefstar at the same time as antacids (e.g., Tums®, Maalox®, Rolaids®, others) or other medications taken to reduce stomach acid such as cimetidine (Tagamet®, Tagamet HB®, others), famotidine (Pepcid®, Pepcid AC®, Pepcid RPD®, others), ranitidine (Zantac®, others), or nizatidine (Axid®, others) unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Antacids and stomach acid reducers may reduce the effects of Kefstar.
Certain brands of Kefstar suspension and Kefstar suspension sachets have aspartame (a source of phenylalanine) in them and should not be used by anyone with the inherited protein metabolism disorder called phenylketonuria. Talk to your doctor if you have phenylketonuria or have a family history of phenylketonuria.
Furthermore, do not take this medicine if you have ever had an allergic reaction to another cephalosporin or to a penicillin unless your doctor is aware of the allergy and monitors your therapy.
The Kefstar (Ceftin®) suspension contains sucrose. Individuals with diabetes may need to be aware of the sucrose contained in this suspension.
Additionally, Kefstar is in the FDA pregnancy category B. This means that it is not expected to be harmful to an unborn baby. Do not, however, take Kefstar without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment.
So too, this medicine passes into breast milk and may affect a nursing baby. Do not take this medication without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
What should I do if I forget a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember, then try to evenly space the rest of the doses for that day until you can return to a normal schedule.
Do not take a double dose of this medication unless otherwise directed by your doctor.
What side effects can this medication cause?
If you experience any of the following serious side effects, stop taking Kefstar and seek emergency medical attention or contact your doctor immediately:
an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing, closing of the throat, swelling of the lips, face, or tongue, hives, or a rash) rash, redness, or itching severe nausea vomiting or diarrhea mucous or blood in the stool unusual bleeding or bruising
Other, less serious side effects may also occur. Continue to take the medication and talk to your doctor if you experience
mild nausea diarrhea yeast infection of the mouth or vagina
Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.
What storage conditions are needed for this medicine?
Store the tablets at room temperature away from moisture and heat. The suspension can be stored at room temperature or in the refrigerator. Do not freeze.
Remember to throw away any unused medication after 10 days and, if necessary, talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.
In case of an emergency/overdose
In the case of an overdose, call your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. If the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, please call the local emergency services on 911.
Which drugs or supplements interact with Kefstar?
Probenecid increases the concentration of Kefstar in the blood. Drugs that reduce acidity in the stomach (for example, antacids, H2-blockers, proton pump inhibitors) may reduce absorption of Kefstar.