¿Qué debo evitar mientras tomo Biamotil?
No tome Biamotil con productos lácteos como leche o yogur, o jugos fortificados con calcio. Usted puede comer o beber estos productos como parte de una comida regular, pero no los tome solos cuando tome Biamotil. Estos pueden hacer la medicina menos eficaz.
Evite tomar las medicinas a seguir en un espacio de 6 horas antes o 2 horas después de tomar Biamotil. Estas medicinas pueden disminuir la eficacia de Biamotil cuando se toman al mismo tiempo:
Evite el consumo de la cafeína mientras esté tomando Biamotil, porque la medicina puede hacer los efectos de la cafeína más fuertes.
Los antibióticos pueden causar diarrea, lo que puede indicar una nueva infección. Si tiene diarrea que es acuosa o con sangre, llame a su médico. No use medicina para la diarrea, salvo que su médico le haya indicado.
Evite la exposición a la luz solar o camas para broncearse. Biamotil puede hacer que se queme más fácilmente. Póngase ropa que lo proteja y use un bloqueador con filtro solar (de SPF 30 ó mayor) si usted está afuera. Llame a su médico si tiene quemazón , enrojecimiento, picazón, sarpullido, o hinchazón severa después de estar expuesto al sol.
Biamotil puede perjudicar su pensamiento o reacciones. Tenga cuidado si usted conduce un vehículo o tiene que hacer algo que demande se mantenga alerta.
What other drugs will affect Biamotil?
Before giving Biamotil, tell your veterinarian if your pet is being given warfarin, theophylline, probenecid, insulin or oral diabetes medication such as Glipizide, an NSAID such as carprofen, Deramaxx or other, Phenytoin or cyclosporine modified. Drugs other than those listed may also interact with Biamotil. Talk to your veterinarian or pharmacist before giving any prescription or over-the-counter medications.
Biamotil (generic name), Cipro, Cipro XR (brand names) is an antibiotic prescribed for the treatment of many skin, lung, airway, bone, and joint infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Examples include complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs), gonorrhea, chronic bacterial prostatitis, typhoid fever, chronic bronchitis, infectious diarrhea caused by E. coli, Shigella, and Campylobacter jejuni, anthrax poisoning, and TB (tuberculosis).
Biamotil (Cipro) is more effective than amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin) as a treatment for bladder infections in women, even when the microbe is susceptible to the latter drug, according to a report in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Currently, the standard treatment for bladder infections or cystitis is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim), but emerging resistance to this agent has led to greater use of “fluoroquinolone” drugs, such as Biamotil. In an effort to maintain the usefulness of this drug class, however, there has been a push to use non-fluoroquinolone antibiotics.
Despite increasing use of amoxicillin-clavulanate for cystitis, few studies have assessed the effectiveness of this treatment, according to Dr. Thomas M. Hooton of Harborview Medical Center in Seattle, and colleagues.
To investigate, the researchers assessed cure rates in 370 women with cystitis who were randomly selected to receive a 3-day course of Biamotil or amoxicillin-clavulanate.
Cure was achieved in 77 percent of Biamotil-treated women compared with just 58 percent of amoxicillin-clavulanate-treated women. Moreover, even when the analysis was confined to women infected with bacteria susceptible to amoxicillin-clavulanate, Biamotil still provided a higher cure rate.
The authors believe that Biamotil may have worked better than amoxicillin-clavulanate because of eradication of E. coli bacteria in the vagina. At 2-week follow-up, 45 percent of women treated with amoxicillin-clavulanate had vaginal E. coli compared with just 10 percent of women treated with Biamotil.
The results, the investigators conclude, suggest that amoxicillin-clavulanate should only be considered as a treatment for cystitis when “use of other first- and second-line antibiotics is not feasible.”
SOURCE: Journal of the American Medical Association, February 23, 2005.
If you experience any of the following symptoms, or those listed in the IMPORTANT WARNING section, stop taking Biamotil and call your doctor immediately or get emergency medical help:
- severe diarrhea (watery or bloody stools) that may occur with or without fever and stomach cramps (may occur up to 2 months or more after your treatment)
- peeling or blistering of the skin
- swelling of the eyes, face, mouth, lips, tongue, throat, hands, feet, ankles or lower legs
- hoarseness or throat tightness
- difficulty breathing or swallowing
- ongoing or worsening cough
- yellowing of the skin or eyes; pale skin; dark urine; or light colored stool
- extreme thirst or hunger; pale skin; feeling shaky or trembling; fast or fluttering heartbeat; sweating; frequent urination; trembling; blurred vision; or unusual anxiety
- fainting or loss of consciousness
- decreased urination
- sudden pain in the chest, stomach, or back
Biamotil may cause problems with bones, joints, and tissues around joints in children. Biamotil should not normally be given to children younger than 18 years of age unless they have certain serious infections that cannot be treated with other antibiotics or they have been exposed to plague or anthrax in the air. If your doctor prescribes Biamotil for your child, be sure to tell the doctor if your child has or has ever had joint-related problems. Call your doctor if your child develops joint problems such as pain or swelling while taking Biamotil or after treatment with Biamotil.
Talk to your doctor about the risks of taking Biamotil or giving Biamotil to your child.
Biamotil may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.
If you experience a serious side effect, you or your doctor may send a report to the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online (http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch) or by phone (1-800-332-1088).
What is Cipro? How does it work (mechanism of action)?
Biamotil is an antibiotic that is used to treat bacterial infections. It stops the multiplication of bacteria by inhibiting the reproduction and repair of their genetic material (DNA). The FDA approved Biamotil in October 1987.
Biamotil belongs to the fluoroquinolone class of antibiotics. Examples of other antibiotics in the fluoroquinolone class includes:
What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Biamotil?
Common Side effects of Biamotil include:
Less common side effects of Biamotil include:
Side effects of Biamotil from postmarketing reports include:
- Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP), erythema multiforme, exfoliative dermatitis, fixed eruption, photosensitivity/phototoxicity reaction
- Agitation, confusion, delirium
- Agranulocytosis, albuminuria, serum cholesterol and TG elevations, blood glucose elevation, hemolytic anemia, marrowdepression (life threatening), pancytopenia (life threatening or fatal outcome), potassium elevation (serum)
- Anaphylactic reactions (including life-threatening anaphylactic shock), serum sickness like reaction, Stevens-Johnson syndrome
- Loss of sense of smell, diminished touch sensation
- Constipation, indigestion, difficulty swallowing, gas, liver failure (including fatal cases), hepaticnecrosis, yellowing eyes or skin (jaundice), pancreatitis
- Hypertonia, hypotension (postural), increased INR (in patients treated with Vitamin K antagonists), QT prolongation, torsade de pointes, ventriculararrhythmia
- Myasthenia, exacerbation of myasthenia gravis, myoclonus, nystagmus, peripheral neuropathy that may be irreversible, phenytoin alteration (serum), polyneuropathy, psychosis
- Muscle pain, tendinitis, tendonrupture, toxic epidermal necrolysis (Lyell's Syndrome), twitching
- Infections: Candiduria, vaginal candidiasis, moniliasis (oral, gastrointestinal, vaginal), pseudomembranous colitis
- Renal calculi
This document does not contain all possible side effects and others may occur. Check with your physician for additional information about side effects.