Before taking this medicine
You should not use Betaklav if you are allergic to any penicillin antibiotic, such as ampicillin, dicloxacillin, oxacillin, penicillin, or ticarcillin.
To make sure Betaklav is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
liver or kidney disease;
mononucleosis (also called "mono");
a history of diarrhea caused by taking antibiotics; or
food or drug allergies (especially to a cephalosporin antibiotic such as Omnicef, Cefzil, Ceftin, Keflex, and others).
Betaklav is not expected to harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.
Betaklav can make birth control pills less effective. Ask your doctor about using non hormonal birth control (condom, diaphragm with spermicide) to prevent pregnancy while taking this medicine.
Betaklav can pass into breast milk, but based on a small number of studies, it has not been shown to cause any harm to a baby. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
The Betaklav chewable tablet may contain phenylalanine. Talk to your doctor before using the chewable tablets if you have phenylketonuria (PKU).
Q: Is Betaklav good for a painful boil?
A: Boils do not always require antibiotic therapy, often times they resolve on their own. To properly evaluate the boil and determine if treatment with an antibiotic is necessary, you should consult your health care provider. Betaklav (Amoxil) is an antibiotic categorized as a penicillin which fights bacteria in your body. Betaklav is indicated in the treatment of several different types of bacterial infections including ear infections, bladder infections, pneumonia, gonorrhea and E.coli or salmonella infections. Betaklav is also approved to treat stomach ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections in combination with other medications, such as Biaxin (clarithromycin) and Prevacid (lansoprazole). Betaklav is approved to treat some skin infections caused by certain bacteria. Some of the possible side effects associated with Betaklav treatment include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, vaginal itching or discharge, headache, swollen, black or hairy tongue or thrush (white patches inside the mouth and throat). Antibiotics, such as Betaklav, can cause diarrhea. This could be a side effect of the medication or it could indicate a new infection. If you experience diarrhea that is watery, or has blood in it, contact your doctor immediately and do not take any medication to stop the diarrhea unless otherwise instructed. Betaklav may be taken with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take Betaklav with food. Betaklav should be taken for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Although your symptoms may begin to resolve before the infection is completely treated, do not stop taking Betaklav until you are finished with the course of therapy. Betaklav will not treat a viral infection such as a cold or the flu. For more specific information, consult with your doctor or pharmacist for guidance based on your health status and current medications, particularly before taking any action. Beth Isaac, PharmD
Formulations of AMOXIL contain Betaklav, a semisynthetic antibiotic, an analog of ampicillin, with a broad spectrum of bactericidal activity against many Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms. Chemically, it is (2S,5,R,6,R)-6--3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicycloheptane-2-carboxylic acid trihydrate. It may be represented structurally as:
The Betaklav molecular formula is C16H19N3O5S•3H2O, and the molecular weight is 419.45.
Capsules: Each capsule of AMOXIL, with royal blue opaque cap and pink opaque body, contains 250 mg or 500 mg Betaklav as the trihydrate. The cap and body of the 250-mg capsule are imprinted with the product name AMOXIL and 250; the cap and body of the 500-mg capsule are imprinted with AMOXIL and 500. Inactive ingredients: D&C Red No. 28, FD&C Blue No. 1, FD&C Red No. 40, gelatin, magnesium stearate, and titanium dioxide.
Tablets: Each tablet contains 500 mg or 875 mg Betaklav as the trihydrate. Each film-coated, capsule-shaped, pink tablet is debossed with AMOXIL centered over 500 or 875, respectively. The 875-mg tablet is scored on the reverse side. Inactive ingredients: Colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, FD&C Red No. 30 aluminum lake, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, sodium starch glycolate, and titanium dioxide.
Powder for Oral Suspension: Each 5 mL of reconstituted suspension contains 125 mg, 200 mg, 250 mg or 400 mg Betaklav as the trihydrate. Each 5 mL of the 125-mg reconstituted suspension contains 0.11 mEq (2.51 mg) of sodium. Each 5 mL of the 200-mg reconstituted suspension contains 0.15 mEq (3.39 mg) of sodium. Each 5 mL of the 250-mg reconstituted suspension contains 0.15 mEq (3.36 mg) of sodium; each 5 mL of the 400-mg reconstituted suspension contains 0.19 mEq (4.33 mg) of sodium. Inactive ingredients: FD&C Red No. 3, flavorings, silica gel, sodium benzoate, sodium citrate, sucrose, and xanthan gum.
How to use Betaklav
Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually every 8 or 12 hours. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment.
Drink plenty of fluids while using this medication unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
For the best effect, take this antibiotic at evenly spaced times. To help you remember, take this medication at the same time(s) every day.
Continue to take this medication until the full prescribed amount is finished, even if symptoms disappear after a few days. Stopping the medication too early may allow bacteria to continue to grow, which may result in a return of the infection.
Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.
Q: Someone told me that Fish Mox, that can be found in pet stores, is the same thing as Betaklav, except that it's not as pure. Is this true? Also, can Fish Mox be harmful to humans?
A: Betaklav is an antibiotic used to treat infections in humans. Fish Mox is an antibiotic sold in pet stores that contains Betaklav. Fish Mox has not been approved for human use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Fish Mox should only be used for its intended purpose, which is to treat infections in fish. It appears to be used by emptying the capsule into the water in the fish tank. According to the Department of Defense (DOD), humans should not take antibiotics made for fish. Taking these products may be dangerous. According to the DOD, there are several reasons for not using these products in humans. Human antibiotics require a prescription from a health care professional after a diagnosis of an infection has been made. People treating themselves, may not have the correct diagnosis, and therefore possibly the incorrect treatment. When people take antibiotics for conditions that do not warrant their use, this may contribute to antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic resistance can occur when a bacteria becomes resistant to certain antibiotics making the infection harder to treat. People also run the risk of an allergic reaction to the animal antibiotics. Prolonged use of antibiotics without supervision of a health care provider may also lead to changes in intestinal flora, which can lead to an overgrowth of yeast in the body. Also, according to the DOD, components in the animal medication may not be the same as the human form, and may interfere with absorption of the medication, which may lead to incorrect dosing. For more specific information, consult with your doctor or pharmacist for guidance based on your health status and current medications, particularly before taking any action. Kristen Dore, PharmD
Betaklav s >
Betaklav is a penicillin antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections, including bronchitis, pneumonia, and infections of the ear, nose, throat, skin, and urinary tract. Though it can be highly effective in treating bacterial infections, it also comes with a list of potential side effects.
Among the more common side effects for Betaklav (Amoxil, Trimox) are:
Less common side effects include:
- allergic reactions like itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
- breathing problems
- blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin, including inside the mouth
- trouble sleeping
- trouble passing urine, dark urine, or a decrease in the quantity of urine
- unusually weak or tired
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- yellowing of the eyes or skin
Pregnancy Category B. Reproduction studies have been performed in mice and rats at doses up to 2000 mg/kg (3 and 6 times the 3 g human dose, based on body surface area). There was no evidence of harm to the fetus due to Betaklav. There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, Betaklav should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.
How to store Betaklav
- Keep all medicines out of the reach and sight of children.
- Store in a cool, dry place, away from direct heat and light.
- If you have been given liqu >
Never take more than the prescribed dose. If you suspect that you or someone else might have taken an overdose of this medicine, go to the accident and emergency department of your local hospital at once. Take the container with you, even if it is empty.
This medicine is for you. Never give it to other people even if their condition appears to be the same as yours.
If you buy any medicines, check with a pharmacist that they are safe to take with your other medicines.
If you are having an operation or any dental treatment, tell the person carrying out the treatment which medicines you are taking.
Do not keep out-of-date or unwanted medicines. Take them to your local pharmacy which will dispose of them for you.
If you have any questions about this medicine ask your pharmacist.
Typical Dosages of Betaklav
Your dose of Betaklav will depend on how severe your infection is and what type of infection you have.
Doctors determine children's doses based on the type of infection and the child's weight.
Betaklav comes in both capsules and tablets. Adults should take tablets or capsules whole with a glass of water.
Children's Betaklav comes in chewable tablets and liquid form.
You can take Betaklav with or without food.
A common dose of Betaklav for an adult with a mild to moderate ear, nose, or throat infection is 500 mg every 12 hours or 250 mg every 8 hours until the prescription is finished.
For a more severe infection, a common dose of Betaklav is 875 mg every 12 hours or 500 mg every 8 hours.
A common dose of Betaklav for a child (older than 3 months) with a lower respiratory tract infection is 40 mg per kilogram (kg) of weight per day in divided doses every 8 hours.
Or, doctors sometimes want the child to take 45 mg per kg per day in divided doses every 12 hours.
It's important to know that once you start a course of Betaklav, you should finish the whole course.
Do not stop taking Betaklav, even if you feel better; instead, finish your entire prescription.
Not treating your infection completely can make it come back stronger. Stopping Betaklav too soon can also lead to bacteria that are resistant to it.
People refer to antibiotic-resistant bugs as multidrug resistant bacteria or "superbugs." Antibiotic resistance is a growing threat worldwide.
It's also important to understand that Betaklav may cause a severe reaction called anaphylaxis if you are allergic to it.
This reaction, which can be life-threatening, includes hives, swelling of your throat, and difficulty breathing.
Betaklav also can interfere with certain types of birth control pills. Women who are using birth control pills should talk to their doctor before taking Betaklav.
Elderly adults may need to take lower doses of Betaklav.
Always tell your doctor if you have allergies to any medications, especially to antibiotics.
Let your doctor know about all medications, vitamins, and supplements you are taking.
Using Betaklav can be risky if you have certain conditions, so let your doctor know if you have:
What other drugs will affect Betaklav?
Other drugs may interact with Betaklav, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
As with all medicines, some people may experience side effects with Betaklav
If you experience any of the following events STOP taking your medicine and tell your doctor or go to your nearest hospital immediately:
- Hypersensitivity or severe allergic reaction including swollen face or breathing problems. If these symptoms occur, STOP taking Betaklav right away and tell your doctor.
- Severe diarrhoea with bleeding
- Allergic skin reactions with itching e.g. hives, nettle rash, blistering or peeling of the skin. If you start to itch or get a rash, STOP taking Betaklav and tell your doctor immediately.
- Convulsions may occur in patients on high doses or with kidney problems
- Notice your urine becoming darker or your faeces becoming paler
- Notice your skin or the white of your eyes turning yellow (jaundice)
- Difficulty or discomfort in passing urine or having cloudy urine
The following symptoms are less serious but you may wish to discuss them with your doctor if they become troublesome or last a long time.
Common side effects of Betaklav (i.e. have been reported in more than 1 in 100 people taking it) include:
- Nausea (feeling sick) or diarrhoea
Uncommon side effects (i.e. have been reported in between 1 in 100 and 1 in 1,000 people taking Betaklav) include:
Very rare side effects (i.e. reported in less than 1 in 10,000 people) include:
- Thrush (a yeast infection of the vagina, mouth or skin folds). You can get treatment for thrush from your doctor or pharmacist.
- Tooth discolouration. The colour usually returns to normal with brushing.
- Blackening of the tongue
- Inflammation of the kidney
- Excessive body movements (hyperkinesia) or dizziness
- Reduction (reversible) in blood cell counts including anaemia (a reduction in the body s red blood cells or haemoglobin which may be characterised by feeling weak or light-headed) or a longer time taken for blood to clot. Tell your doctor that you are taking Betaklav if you are having blood tests.
- Crystalluria, forming of crystals in the urine
If you notice any side effects not mentioned in this leaflet, please inform your doctor or pharmacist.
To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of AMOXIL (Betaklav) and other antibacterial drugs, AMOXIL should be used only to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.
Serious allergic reaction
Around 1 in 15 people have an allergic reaction to Betaklav.
In most cases, the allergic reaction is mild and can take the form of:
- a raised, itchy skin rash
Mild allergic reactions can usually be successfully treated by taking antihistamines.
In rare cases, Betaklav can cause a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis).
Other information about Betaklav
- Betaklav is available in generic form and is available by prescription only.
- Brand names available in the US for Betaklav are Amoxil, Moxatag, and Larotid.
Why is this medication prescribed?
Betaklav is used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria, such as pneumonia; bronchitis (infection of the airway tubes leading to the lungs); and infections of the ears, nose, throat, urinary tract, and skin. It is also used in combination with other medications to eliminate H. pylori, a bacteria that causes ulcers. Betaklav is in a class of medications called penicillin-like antibiotics. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.
Antibiotics such as Betaklav will not work for colds, flu, and other viral infections. Taking antibiotics when they are not needed increases your risk of getting an infection later that resists antibiotic treatment.